About Antique Persian Feraghan Rugs
As one of the featured Persian rug types represented at the Vienna World Exhibition of 1873, the Feraghan carpet made it's auspicious international debut. As part of a broad-scale marketing endeavor, Vienna proved to be a fitting venue and was instrumental in the successful introduction of these luxurious rugs to the European and western marketplace. As the for-export version of the Sarouk carpet, the Feraghan rug - dubbed the American Sarouk - was intended for a fairly well-to-do, aesthetically-appreciative American clientele and with its more-sophisticated, artistic designs and palace-sized carpets, typically appealed to the international aristocracy.
The Antique Feraghan Rug
Although the Sarouk and the Feraghan are produced in the same area and even in the same workshops - in Ferahan County, Iran - they are two distinctively unique rug styles. However, the Ferahan has two distinct categories itself: the first generally known as Ferahan (or Feraghan) and the second Ferahan Sarouk (or Feraghan Sarouk) - some rugs combining traits of both subcategories, making an exact attribution difficult.
The 19th century Feraghan carpets were a high-end, finely-woven carpet using the finest wools amd natural dyes - rugs renowned for their unique yet classically-elegant - and sometimes improvisational - curvelinear designs, and as much as any of the Persian carpets, succeeded in achieving a holistic, organic and non-mechanical appearance.
An antique Persian Sarouk-Feraghan rug: the shaded indigo field with delicated flora meander around large dusty-pink pole medallion containing similar design enclosing light blue radiating floral centrepiece, dusty-pink and green spandrels similar, in an indigo border of angular palmette vine between linked lozenge and barber-pole stripes, very slightly coroded black on edges otherwise good condition. - Christie's
The caramel ground piled in camel hair, with chequered abrash, and unusually woven with 'lazy' lines visible on the reverse. The inscription reading: 'Order of His Excellency the Grand Minister, 1894/5 dated [AH] 1311, (1894/5 AD). The Prime Minister of the time was Mirza 'Ali Asghar titled Atabak-e A'zam, Amin al-Sultan. Grand Minister under three Qajar rulers, he was born in 1858, and assassinated on 21 Rajab 1325/31 August 1907. - Christie's
The Feraghan Region
Farahan County is a county in Markazi Province in west-central Iran - the capital city is Farmahin. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 31,152 including 8,900 families. The county has three districts - the Central District, Khenejin District, and Saruq District, and two cities - Farmahin and Saruq (Sarouk, Sarough). The Farahan rug-producing region includes the area bordered by Guzan (Jozan), Arak (formerly Sultanabad), Kashan and Qom.
Once the American Sarouk Rug became a best-seller stateside, the classic Feraghan became less common for export. These now-rare pieces are a highly desirable commodity in today's market and the one (pictured below) was sold at auction in 1998 at Sotheby's New York - for $74,000.
Currently Nejad is offering the following antique Feraghan carpets for sale: