Caucasian Shirvan Antique Oriental Rugs
Shirvan rugs are tribal rugs that were made by the indigenous peoples that resided in the Southern Caucasus in an area that is now the eastern and northeastern area of present day Azerbaijan including the city of Shirvan (population 80,000).
The Antique Shirvan Rug
Similar to the rugs produced in the northeast Azerbaijan area of Kuba and Shemakha, Shirvan carpets display a variety of designs and patterns that include floral and geometric motifs consisting of lozenges, stars, crosses and small animals as well as hexagonal latticework and feature octagon-shaped and cruciform medallions. The predominant colors used in these rugs are blues, reds and browns in the field with accents of golden yellow and ivory. The weavers employed a Turkish knot with 60 - 160 KPSI.
The Rug-Producing Region of Azerbaijan
Shirvan is a historically-significant, industrially and agriculturally-developed region in the eastern Caucasus stretching between the western shores of the Caspian Sea and the Kura River and is centered on a low flood-prone plain (Shirvan Plain).
The term Shirvani - or Shirvanli - is still used, as it was historically, in Azerbaijan, to designate the people of the Shirvan region. Before Iranization, and later Turkification, the bulk of the population of the Shirvan area were Caucasian speaking groups. Although smaller Caucasian and Iranian speaking minorities remain, the bulk of the population today are Turkic-speaking Azerbaijanis (Azeri).