About Antique Kazak Oriental Rugs
At the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black and the Caspian Seas, to the west and east respectively, and between Russia to the north and Iran to the south, is the area known as the Transcaucasus - the southern part of the vast Caucasus Mountain range - which includes Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Just about in the middle, in the northwest corner of Azerbaijan - the country (not the Iranian province) - is the city of Kazak - now Qazax (not to be confused with the country of Kazakhstan - which is on the other side of the Caspian Sea). And of the several subdivisions of the rugs that come under the heading of Caucasian - for the Caucasus Mountains - Kazak is the largest.
The Kazak Rug Style
The rugs of the Transcaucasus region - woven using the Turkish symmetrical knot - typically display bold geometric designs in rich, highly-saturated primary colors often accompanied by iconic figures, birds or flowers, or strongly-linear and angular medallions. Known for their distinctive bright blues, reds and ivories as well as their casual appearance and extroverted character, the Kazak carpet may range from more-tribal to more-sophisticated and feature quite complex allover designs or elaborately decorated borders.
Qazax (Kazak), the city, with a total population of approx. 20,000, is the capital of Qazax, the district (called a Rayon), with a total population of approx. 35,000, and sits in a high valley with an elevation of 1,250 feet sandwiched between the mountains of Georgia to the northeast, and Armenia to the southwest.
Antique Caucasian, including Kazak, rugs were primarily village productions woven by historically nomadic peoples from one of the most culturally diverse regions on earth - comprised of several ethnic groups and no less than three distinct language families. Owing to such a complicated milleau thus described, there hasn't necessarily been a definitive concensus as to which of these groups of people were actually making these rugs, but both the Azeri Turks and Armenian inhabitants of the Kazakh area were traditionally involved in rugmaking there.
Antique Kazak rugs are particularly sought after for their
uniqueness and individual character as well as their authenticity as a
uniquely created piece of textile art - whose value is generally
determined by overall design appeal and color harmonization as well as condition.
The selling price of an antique Caucasian Kazak rug in good condition can range
from several hundred dollars for a more-common type to several thousand dollars
for a truly one-of-a-kind piece.