About Antique Kurdish Oriental Rugs
There are at least a few thousand towns and villages in the country of Iran that produce, or that have produced, rugs. And, by definition, any such rug made or produced there - in Iran - would be considered a Persian Rug. Named for the people who produce them, Kurdish rugs are rugs woven by the Kurdish people of Iran. Although rugs made by Kurds could be from any one of a half-dozen countries bordering Iran, the term Kurdish Rug usually refers to, and has become synonymous with, rugs made within Iranian Kurdistan and the province of West Azerbaijan in particular, along Iran's western border.
The Antique Kurdish Rug
Even though the antique Kurdish carpet occassionally features a center medallion, the all-over design - including either floral Mina Khani motifs or geometric patterns known as jaff - is far more common. The Kurdish Rug - usually employing a symmetrical knotting upon a woolen foundation - can be either stout and solid in structure (i.e. Bidjar) or of a finer more-pliable texture. These heirloom carpets are enhanced by the luminous colors and lustrous wool used - a field of terracotta and burnt orange with greens, blues and ochres may additionally feature traditional Kurdish symbols as a programmatic element literally embedded into the fabric.
The Kurdish People (The Kurds)
Tracing their origins back a few thousand years, give or take, to
the vast territorial expanse of the northern regions of the Middle East
- between the Black and Caspian Seas -
that features wide plains nestled between snow-peaked mountain ranges,
the Kurds inhabit a land where, reportedly, Noah's Ark came to its final
resting place - a land that is loosely referred to today as Kurdestan.
The quality of the rugs produced by the Kurish tribes of Persian Kurdistan differs from those made by the Kurdish tribes just over the border - namely in Iraq and Turkey. Ecclectic, showing the Persian influence in both design and quality, the Persian Kurdish rug is a finer, more closely-knit, less tribal-looking rug - the carpet pile trimmed almost to the closeness of a classic Persian rug. Additionally, the geographic position within Iran itself is another factor: in the north, the rugs may incorporate the large geometrical figures in the central field often seen in the Karabagh style, while moving south, toward Kermanshah, the rugs may feature an arboreal design with flowering shrubs arranged in rows - more typical of the Senneh style.